Group 4: Beliefs Research Group!
What are the values of the belief system? Describe and explain each value.
There are three important values of the belief system which are filial piety, humaneness, and ritual. Filial piety is the most essential value that demands respect for your parents and to worship your ancestors. Since the older generation is supporting the younger generation the older generation earns the respect of the younger generation. This is needed to bring order in society. Humaneness is the second value of this belief system. Humaneness is the concern and care about other people, even if they are not part of your family. Confucius said "...The humane man, desiring to be established himself, seeks to establish others; desiring himself to succeed, he helps others to succeed. To judge others by what one knows of oneself is the method of achieving humanity...". If other person is in need, then another person should be able to help that person to function as humans together in a society. Ritual consciousness is the third and final virtue of the three Confucian values. Ritual consciousness is the proper ways of doing tasks in a more deeply thought way. Ritual are very important in Confucianism because it teaches people proper relationships with different people such as children, adults, and the elderly. There are many types of ritual that focuses on certain part of life like birth, capping(which is a coming of age ceremony for boys), marriage, and death. The point of rituals is to help during certain aspects of life that were stressed as necessary by Confucius.
Is there a central administration for the belief system? If yes, how is it organized?(Example: Catholicism is organized by the Pope.) Explain.
Yes, there is a central administration for Confucianism. Confucianism is organized by qualified government officials. The first step for a Confucian wanting to be a government official he needs to become a scholar first.To earn a scholar you have to pass a test about Confucius’s teachings. Once the scholar has passed the test he will have to be a selected from a small group of highly educated scholars to become a government official. According to, afe.easia.columbia.edu, the website states, “ If he passed the examination, there was virtually only one career open to him, and that was to enter government service. Consequently, the government bureaucracy was composed of rigorously trained scholar-artists; conversely, poets and painters held official positions as powerful politicians.” This demonstrates how an educated scholar could do when he passes the test. Government officials administer Confucianism by showing good morals and enforcing education.
Group 3: Origins Research Group
1. In approximately what year and place did this belief system originate?
Confucianism was founded by Confucius. He believed his teachings to be a way of life. This philosophy, or religion, originated in China. It was founded around 479 BCE.
3. Explain who is the supreme being(s) (if there is one)
There are no supreme beings of Confucianism.
5. What is the symbol of the belief system? Explain why this symbol is used to represent the belief system.
Yin yang is the symbol for Confucianism. It symbolizes balance in nature between contradictory forces. Another symbol of Confucianism was the Confucian symbol. The Confucian symbol symbolizes total righteousness and harmony within yourself and others. The last symbol of belief of Confucianism was the Ideogram. The Ideogram symbolizes water and represents the source of life in Chinese philosophy.
6. How did this belief system spread to other regions?
The spread of Confucianism across East Asia was accomplished largely through voluntary and consensual means, rather than by conquest or conversion.
2. Who is the founder and how did the belief system originate? If there is no founder how did the belief system come about? Explain.
The founder of Confucianism was a Chinese philosopher named K'ung Fu-tzu or Confucius. Confucius was born in 551 B.C.E. He had a government job which he gave up to devote his life to teaching people how to behave.He believed that a society could become perfect, if the people who lived in it exhibited "beautiful conduct." Today over five million people, mostly in China and the Far East, practice Confucianism. Religious leaders:
4. Are there any religious leaders in general of the belief system? Explain their role, whether it be from the past or present.
There were two religious leaders including Confucius and Mencius. Confucius played an important role of being the founder Confucianism. This was an era of philosophical and religious creativity, and since then, Confucius has been more popular and influential than any other seminal philosophers of his era. “Mencius is now considered the second most important Confucian philosopher. However, during his era, he was more influential than Confucius himself because he taught influential noblemen and rulers. He helped develop the strain of Confucianism teaching that was much later adopted in the doctrines of Confucianism based on the idea that man is born innately good.”
Work Cited Page:
"Confucianism." ChinaHighlights. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015. (Question #4)
"Confucianism - ReligionFacts." Confucianism - ReligionFacts. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015. (Question #2)
"Library." Exploration and Conquest. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015 (Question #6)
"Symbols of Confucianism - The Six Major Religions." Symbols of Confucianism - The Six Major Religions. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015. (Question #5)
"When Did Confucianism Begin?" About.com Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015. (Question #1)
Group 2: Art Group
Group 1: Music Video Group